Bachata! The Immigration Story of an Increasingly Popular Dominican Genre

Bachata is one of my friend Maya’s favorite guilty pleasures. She and I turn up the volume when it comes on the radio, we listen to it when we’re getting ready to go out on Friday nights, and when we try and dance it here at college, she’ll usually say something like “Oh this makes me miss home!”

Maya is from New York City, the place where this Dominican genre of dance/music has flourished over the past couple decades. Some even consider New York to be the new bachata capital. These days, however, bachata is not just a trend for the Dominican Republic, or immigrant communities on the U.S. East Coast, the music blasts on the radio here in L.A., it has become popular all throughout Latin America, and even Enrique Iglesias is tryna be all bachatero with his new hit song “Loco.”420x470xRomeo-Santos-Feat-Enrique-Iglesias-Loco-mp3_jpg_pagespeed_ic_FFBLtv5JlV

Artists like Prince Royce and Romeo Santos (both from New York) attract a young and diverse audience all over the U.S.– an audience which has begun to distance itself more and more from other Latin genres associated with older generations or newly arrived immigrants (like salsa or cumbia). In effect, one could say bachata has become the young, hip, all-American-but-Latin-at-the-same-time music of choice for the same demographics which may also enjoy, say, Katy Perry, Miley Cyrus, or Jay-Z.

Now, let’s take a step back, and remember where this phenomenon all began. People have been playing bachata in the Dominican Republic since before the 60s, but have had to face many forms of censorship over the decades. Because bachata lyrics are typically on the explicit side (to say the least), and sometimes express themes of alcohol, seduction, prostitution, and other activities of the “bajo mundo,” the music itself was considered underworldly and scandalous for many, many years, and therefore designated to the Dominican lower-class.

Ironically, this social restriction became the force which made the genre as popular and successful as it is now. Both the desire to be a part of a phenomenon which was forbidden, and the desire of Dominican-Americans to retain their culture or sing about their experiences as immigrants in the U.S., drew people into the bachata scene and started making the genre more mainstream. Musicians who played bachata in the 80s say they used to hide their guitars to avoid being shamed on the streets of Santo Domingo, while today’s bachata artists enjoy fame, riches, and stardom in the United States (and have huge egos too).Aventura - Portada

As you can see, bachata has conquered a long and epic journey to get to where it is now, and not just any journey, but a migrant “success story” at its core. It has undergone censorship and repression in its home country, transnational immigration followed by cultural integration, growing acceptance, and now, finally, international fame. Essentially, this new wave of bachata has been born and raised on American soil, but has not forgotten its roots. It not only embodies, but emanates the romanticized hardships of immigration, love, bitterness, and tragedy through a transnational lense, a perfect recipe for a popular trend (or guilty pleasure) among young Latin@s of any nationalitty both in the U.S. and in Latin America.

Watch a video here on the history of bachata and Luis Vargas:

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